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Mental Disorders

Misdiagnosis of Psychological Disorders

Psychology is an inexact science, in that multiple diagnoses are often considered because there are significant overlaps in the symptoms that accommodate mental disorders. Process by elimination can be the rule of diagnosis for a client or patient. It is not that psychologists wish to be murky in their diagnosis of a mental health issue; it is the problem of many presenting symptoms are the same for various types of psychological disorders. The symptom of psychosis, for example, can be the presenting symptom for schizophrenia, depression, and illegal drug usage, to name a few diagnoses. Often the psychologist or psychiatrist has to meet with the patient several times before offering a diagnosis. This is important because unlike a broken arm, a psychological or psychiatric diagnosis may stick with you and your insurance record for life....(more)

Reaction Formation: A Defensive Mental Disorder

Nearly everyone has participated in reaction formation at one time. According to Freud, this defensive mechanism is used to hide your feelings. If you have ever acted completely opposite of how you felt to cover up your feelings, then you have participated in this defense mechanism. A good example would be going out of the way to act as though you are in a good mood, even if you are having the worst day of your life, so that no one notices or questions you....(more)

Coulrophobia and Other Interesting Phobias

Virtually everyone is afraid of something. But sometimes a fear is severe enough that it is considered a phobia. A fear becomes a phobia when the fear gets to an irrational level that affects daily functioning. When a person has a phobia, he will become abnormally scared when he encounters the object of the phobia or go to extreme lengths to avoid it. Although a phobia is an abnormal level of fear, there are some natural fears that many share, such as fear of death or fear of the dark....(more)

Sources for Mental Mood Disorder Research

"Mood disorder" is an umbrella term that covers many different psychological disorders. The former term was "affective disorder," but now the two are defined differently. An "affective disorder" now refers to an acted out mental issue, while a mood disorder is an internal disorder. The links below lead to several sites that feature general information and definitions, and a few that discuss specific disorders, such as major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia....(more)


Entering the Workforce: Undergraduate Psychology Jobs

It is a common misconception that you can only get jobs in the field of psychology with a graduate degree. But there are many promising career fields available to those with undergraduate degrees in psychology as well. Take a look at this short list of possible undergraduate psychology jobs that you can get right out of college for some inspiration. You might be surprised at how diverse they are....(more)

Helpful Careers: Differences Between a Counselor and Psychologist

Becoming a counselor or psychologist is a career choice that helps you make a difference in people's lives. These helpful careers are vastly different in many areas, but can be meaningful and lasting professions. The primary focus of a counselor, psychologist or other mental health professional is to provide help and relief to those suffering from mental illness and other difficulties....(more)

Different Careers in Clinical Psychology

If you have an advanced degree, meaning a master's or doctoral degree, in psychology and are looking for a clinical career, there are many options available to you. You may have spent years with your nose in books and your eyes focused on computer screens typing papers; however, if you spent some time in a practicum, working with real people on psychological issues, you are well prepared to enter the clinical workforce....(more)


How Can We Eat Healthfully During the Holidays?

The holiday season can be a challenge for people trying to lose weight or avoid gaining weight. ...(more)

What Is Observational Learning?

We have all heard the saying "monkey see, monkey do," but do we really learn this way? Under what circumstances are we likely to copy the behaviors of others? What are the advantages of doing this instead of figuring things out for ourselves?...(more)

Lev Vygotsky: His Short Life, His Long Shadow in Psychology

Amongst influential psychologists, the ones who significantly change their field and cast a new light on others, the name Lev Vygotsky is often overlooked. Maybe it was his short life span, only 37 years. Or maybe it was the context of his times, emerging from the Russian Revolution. Whatever the reasons, Vygotsky's work, largely published after his death, have become the basis for major insights in child development, education, and sociology. Learn about Lev Vygostky through these sites....(more)

Psychology Expert

Laura Freberg

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Laura Freberg, Ph.D. is Professor of Psychology at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, where she teaches courses in Introductory Psychology, Biological Psychology, and Sensation and Perception. In addition, she teaches Social Psychology and Sensation and Perception as an Adjunct Professor for Argosy University Online. Dr. Freberg is the... Read More

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